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ABS Plumbing

If you are like most people you do not give a second thought to the plumbing material that is in your home. It does make a difference. Some popular choices are ABS or PVC for pipes and drainage items. PEX or copper are often used to carry water. If you are thinking of remodeling your kitchen or bathroom and replacing the pipes you are going to want to know more about these different types of plumbing materials. Each one of the different materials has pros and cons associated with it.

ABS plumbing phoenix AZ

ABS Pipes

These pipes are a thermoplastic resin and stand for acrylonitrile butadiene styrene. They were developed for use in the oil fields in the 1950s. they are strong and durable. Builder John F. Long used this material in homes in Arizona. Twenty-five years later the pipes do not show any indications of rust or rot. They can be used for drain piping but are not suitable for transporting water for drinking. Most older homes are having their cast iron pipes replaced with ABS piping.


  • Easy to install
  • Cost-effective
  • Smooth interior leads to a better flow rate
  • Will not erode


  • Cannot be used as exposed piping
  • Can sag without proper installation
  • Can only be used for vent and drain waste

PVC Pipes

PVC Plumbing Pipes and Fittings

The Polyvinyl chloride pipes have been used for drinking and sewer pipes since 1936. The lines used back then are still being used today. These pipes are strong and resilient. Several industries use PVC pipes including irrigation, drain and venting, and water distribution. There are strict requirements for the 40 PVC pipes and their ratings.


  • Many uses
  • Will not rust


  • Can withstand a large amount of pressure
  • Visually pleasing so it is good if the pipes are going to be exposed

Copper Pipes

Plumber Soldering Copper Pipe

These pipes became popular after World War II. Before copper was used lead was common because it was cheap. Then people began to hear about lead poisoning and copper became a top choice for pipes. It was easier for some home to go to from lead to copper because the fittings were similar. This allowed plumbers to save some time on the installation project when it came to replacing the pipes.


  • Copper can be shaped into different angles and there is no need for an elbow joint
  • Can withstand a large amount of pressure
  • Visually pleasing so it is good if the pipes are going to be exposed


  • Expensive
  • Labor intensive
  • May leave a metallic taste in the drinking water
  • Can be deteriorated by hard water


This tubing is made from a high-density polyethylene polymer. This material is melted down and put into a tube.

PEX plumbing began to gain popularity in Europe in 1970. It came to the United States in 1980. PEX has become more and more popular. It can be used in radiant heating systems and even installed under walkways. It is good for hot or cold plumbing.

PEX is used in new construction and is one of the most popular materials used in water distribution plumbing.

The rubber-like material that PEX is made from makes it flexible and easy to install. It can hold hot or cold water and can withstand high water pressure.

PEX has several advantages to other types of plumbing. The plumber chose PEX because it is flexible. It will not corrode, develop holes, can stand up to hard water, is easy to install, and there are fewer connections.


  • Easy to install
  • Cost-effective
  • Smooth interior leads to a better flow rate
  • Will not erode


  • Cannot be exposed outdoors
  • Professional installation is needed or the warranty is not valid.

Which material to choose?

A licensed professional will help make the best pick for the product and the use. This may vary based on the intended usage of the building.

Pro Force Plumbing can Help

Pro Force Plumbing has been in business for over 22 years. We have skilled and experienced plumbers that have seen many types of plumbing issues. We have return customers because we work hard to provide the best customer service and fair prices. Our customers know that Pro Force Plumbing will give a warranty on every plumbing job and we will stand behind our work and reputation.

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